Explained SEO’s Guide to Google Search Console

Google Search Console (GSC) is a vital tool for search engine optimization (SEO) professionals, webmasters, and business owners. It offers insights into how Google perceives your website and helps identify areas for improvement to enhance your search engine rankings. This guide will walk you through the essential features and functionalities of GSC, providing actionable insights to optimize your site effectively.

Setting Up Google Search Console

Account Creation

To start, you need to create a Google Search Console account. Use your existing Google account to sign up. Once registered, you can add your website to GSC by entering the URL of your site.

Verification Methods

Google requires you to verify ownership of the site to access data. Various verification methods include:

  • HTML file upload
  • HTML tag
  • Google Analytics tracking code
  • Google Tag Manager container snippet
  • Domain name provider

Choose the method that suits you best and follow the instructions to complete the verification process.

Overview of Google Search Console Dashboard

The GSC dashboard provides a high-level view of your website’s performance, including critical metrics such as total clicks, total impressions, average click-through rate (CTR), and average position. It serves as the central hub for accessing all other tools and reports within GSC.

Performance Report

Key Metrics

The performance report is essential for understanding how your site performs in Google Search. Key metrics include:

  • Clicks: Number of times users clicked on your website’s link in search results.
  • Impressions: Number of times your website’s link appeared in search results.
  • CTR: Click-through rate calculated as clicks divided by impressions.
  • Average Position: The average ranking of your site’s pages in search results.

Analyzing Search Queries

The performance report allows you to analyze search queries that drive traffic to your site. You can filter data by date, query, page, country, device, and search appearance.

Index Coverage Report

Understanding Index Status

The index coverage report shows which pages of your site are indexed by Google and alerts you to any issues that prevent pages from being indexed. Key statuses include:

  • Error: Pages that couldn’t be indexed.
  • Valid with warnings: Pages indexed but with issues.
  • Valid: Pages successfully indexed.
  • Excluded: Pages intentionally not indexed.

Resolving Indexing Issues

The report provides detailed error descriptions, helping you identify and fix issues such as server errors, redirect errors, and crawl anomalies.

URL Inspection Tool

The URL inspection tool offers detailed information about how Googlebot views a specific URL on your site. You can use it to:

  • Check the index status of a URL.
  • Submit URLs for indexing.
  • View the rendered version of a page.
  • Troubleshoot indexing issues.

Enhancements Report

Core Web Vitals

Core Web Vitals are user-centric performance metrics, including loading performance (LCP), interactivity (FID), and visual stability (CLS). The enhancements report helps you monitor and improve these metrics to ensure a better user experience.

Mobile Usability

The mobile usability report identifies issues affecting your site’s mobile experience. Common issues include small font sizes, clickable elements too close together, and content wider than the screen.

Sitemaps Report

Submitting Sitemaps

Sitemaps help Google discover and index your site’s content. You can submit XML sitemaps through the sitemaps report. Ensure your sitemaps are updated and error-free for optimal indexing.

Monitoring Sitemap Status

After submitting a sitemap, GSC provides status updates and error reports. Regularly monitor your sitemaps to ensure all pages are indexed correctly.

Links Report

Understanding Internal and External Links

The links report provides insights into your site’s internal and external linking structure. Key metrics include:

  • Top linked pages: Most linked pages on your site.
  • Top linking sites: External sites linking to your content.
  • Top linking text: Anchor text used in external links.

Improving Link Strategy

Analyze the links report to identify opportunities for improving your internal linking structure and gaining high-quality backlinks.

Manual Actions Report

Identifying Manual Penalties

If your site violates Google’s webmaster guidelines, it may receive a manual action. The manual actions report lists any penalties and provides instructions for resolving them.

Requesting a Review

Once you’ve fixed the issues, you can request a review through GSC. Google will re-evaluate your site and lift the penalty if it meets their guidelines.

Security Issues Report

Detecting Security Threats

The security issues report alerts you to any security problems on your site, such as malware, hacked content, and phishing attacks.

Fixing Security Issues

Address security issues promptly to protect your site and users. Follow Google’s recommendations to resolve the problems and request a review once fixed.

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Coverage Report: Exclusions

Understanding Exclusions

The coverage report also highlights excluded pages, providing reasons such as “Blocked by robots.txt,” “Noindex tag,” “Duplicate without user-selected canonical,” etc.

Addressing Unintentional Exclusions

Review excluded pages to ensure important content is not mistakenly blocked from indexing. Adjust settings as necessary to improve your site’s visibility.

Page Experience Report

Evaluating User Experience

The page experience report combines Core Web Vitals, mobile usability, HTTPS usage, and other signals to assess the overall user experience of your site.

Enhancing Page Experience

Use the insights from this report to make user-centric improvements, ensuring a smooth and engaging experience for your visitors.

Rich Results Report

Monitoring Rich Results

Rich results enhance your site’s appearance in search results with elements like reviews, ratings, and FAQs. The rich results report shows which of your pages are eligible and highlights any issues.

Optimizing Structured Data

Implement structured data correctly to increase your chances of earning rich results. Use the report to troubleshoot and validate your markup.

Video and Image Reports

Video Performance

For sites with video content, the video performance report tracks how videos appear in search results and provides insights into issues affecting their visibility.

Image Performance

The image performance report offers similar insights for image content, helping you optimize for better search visibility.

International Targeting Report

Setting Geographic Targets

For sites targeting specific countries, the international targeting report allows you to set country preferences and monitor hreflang tag implementation for multilingual sites.

Fixing Hreflang Issues

Ensure correct hreflang tag usage to avoid misinterpretation by search engines and provide the best user experience for international audiences.


Google Search Console is an indispensable tool for anyone looking to improve their website’s SEO performance. By understanding and utilizing its various features and reports, you can gain valuable insights, identify issues, and implement effective strategies to enhance your site’s visibility in search results. Regularly monitoring GSC ensures your site remains optimized and competitive in the ever-evolving landscape of SEO.

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